We are the third person in the world who has suffered the most natural disasters in 19 years of this century; 321 disasters so far, 80 thousand deaths
India faces many natural disasters
We are third after the US and China in terms of the highest number of natural disasters in the world. In 19 years from 2000 to 2019, there were 321 natural disasters in India, in which 79 thousand 732 people lost their lives. Not only this, these disasters also affected more than 108 crore people in the country in one way or the other.
The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction reports that between 2000 and 2019, 7,348 natural disasters occurred worldwide, killing more than 1.2 million people. Due to these disasters, more than 200 lakh crore rupees have been suffered. During this time, China had the highest number of 577 disasters, in which 1.13 lakh lives were lost and 173 million people were affected. The second place was the United States, where 11 million people were affected by 467 disasters. However, the number of deaths in the US due to disasters is not reported.The talk of these natural disasters was because after 7 years of devastation came to Uttarakhand on Sunday morning. It is also being compared to the tragedy of 2013. At that time more than 6 thousand people were killed due to heavy rains and floods in Uttarakhand. However, the death toll in government figures is just 100.
The tsunami that came 16 years ago is the most deadly disaster of the 21st century The tsunami wave that hit the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004 caused widespread destruction in many countries of the world including India. The tsunami was the deadliest natural disaster of the 21st century, killing more than 2.26 lakh people. In India alone, it killed 12,405 people. 3,874 people had gone missing.
A tsunami that struck the Indian Ocean after a 9.1 magnitude earthquake had raised waves 65 feet high into the sea. The tsunami suffered the most damage in Indonesia, where more than 1.28 lakh people died. Then there was Sri Lanka, where 23,231 people died. At number three was India.
The most lives after the tsunami were in the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. More than 2.22 lakh people died in this earthquake. The magnitude of this earthquake was estimated at 7 on the Richter scale. The third most fatal disaster occurred in 2008 in Myanmar. At that time there was a Nargis storm, in which more than 1.38 lakh people died.The government also acknowledged - disasters have increased in the 21st century Two days before the disaster in Uttarakhand, i.e. on February 5, Union Minister Harsh Vardhan has admitted in the Lok Sabha that disasters have increased in the 21st century due to climate change and climate change. Due to this, the country has suffered from heavy rains, floods, droughts, storms, heatwaves and coldwaves.
According to the Meteorological Department, due to seasonal events in 2020, 1,680 people died across the country. However, it does not contain figures of those who lost their lives by heat wave. Last year, 815 deaths were due to lightning or thunderstorms. After that more than 600 people died due to heavy rain or flood.
But the question is, why is this happening?
Often such disasters are said to be natural, but in reality these are the disasters caused by humans. Power project is being considered as the reason behind the tragedy which happened in Chamoli in Uttarakhand too.
In 2016, the Ganga Purification Ministry objected to the Supreme Court regarding the Tapovan Power Project. The ministry had said that trees are being cut for the project, which can lead to destruction anytime. But the Ministry of Environment had objected to this. The government itself states that more than 76 lakh trees have been cut in three years from 2016-17 to 2018-19. Not only this, the process of cutting trees is increasing. In 2016-17, while 17.31 lakh trees were cut across the country, 30.36 lakh trees were cut in 2018-19.